Policy & Issues Research

Portraying American Public Opinion toward the Bosnia Crisis (abstract)

January 1, 1998, 3:36 pm
By Richard Sobel

Richard Sobel, fall 1996 fellow, compares the disparity between public support for intervention in Bosnia as expressed in polls, and the limited reporting of those opinions in U.S. media and political discussions. Sobel hypothesizes that the press did not fully…

Ijambo: Speaking Truth amidst Genocide

January 1, 1998, 3:36 pm
By Alexis Sinduhije

Alexis Sinduhije, fall 1997 fellow, writes about the harrowing experience of practicing journalism in central Africa during the Rwandan Genocide. From 1993 to 1997, Sinduhije covered the violence around him, searching for ways that journalism could help stem the bloodshed,…

The Spokesperson — In the Crossfire: A Decade of Israeli Defense Crises from an Official Spokesperson’s Perspective

January 1, 1998, 3:36 pm
By Nachman Shai

A paper by Nachman Shai, fall 1996 fellow, builds a case for the proposition that “truth” rather than “spin” is the basis of effective public information efforts, even when a nation is at war. Shai focuses on the turbulent decade…

The Enemy Within: The Effect of “Private Censorship” on Press Freedom and How to Confront It: An Israeli Perspective

January 1, 1998, 3:12 pm
By Moshe Negbi

A paper by Moshe Negbi, fall 1997 fellow, explores the rise of “commercially-motivated censorship” in Israel’s media. Negbi argues that powerful private interests in Israel’s media companies have suppressed and distorted stories and opinions that were not to their liking,…

Pressing Concerns: Hong Kong’s Media in an Era of Transition

January 1, 1998, 3:12 pm
By Stephen J. Hutcheon

A paper by Stephen J. Hutcheon, fall 1997 fellow, traces the history of press freedom in Hong Kong under British rule up to the aftermath of China’s takeover in 1997. Hutcheon analyzes the forces that could erode the freedom of…

Prepared for War, Ready for Peace?: Paramilitaries, Politics, and the Press in Northern Ireland

January 1, 1998, 2:52 pm
By Tim Cooke

A paper by Tim Cooke, spring 1998 fellow, examines the role of the news media in societies affected by violent conflict, in particular, Northern Ireland. As paramilitary groups responsible for 30 years of headlines moved into the political arena and…

The Perpetuation of Prejudice in Reporting on Gays and Lesbians — Time and Newsweek: The First Fifty Years

January 1, 1998, 2:52 pm
By Lisa Bennett

A paper by Lisa Bennett, spring 1998 fellow, argues that although media coverage of gays and lesbians has improved in recent decades, coverage in the 1990s continued to include distorted and negative allegations. When journalists first came to the story…

Spreading the Word: The KGB’s Image-Building Under Gorbachev

January 1, 1997, 3:59 pm
By Jeff Trimble

A paper by Jeff Trimble, fall 1991 fellow, analyzes how the Russian KGB dramatically transformed its image over time. The KGB, under different sets of initials, evoked frightening memories of the Soviet period of Russian history. Millions were herded into…

Journalism and Economics: The Tangled Webs of Profession, Narrative, and Responsibility in a Modern Democracy

January 1, 1997, 3:59 pm
By Richard Parker

Richard Parker, Lecturer in Public Policy, writes about the need for a new way of reporting on economic issues – one that better incorporates the public. Parker argues that even the clearest statement of what economists know about policy, written…

Clarifying the CNN Effect: An Examination of Media Effects According to Type of Military Intervention

January 1, 1997, 3:59 pm
By Steven Livingston

A paper by Steven Livingston, spring 1996 fellow, examines the “CNN effect,” or the concept that global, real-time media affects the conduct of U.S. diplomacy and foreign policy. Livingston first seeks to clarify what exactly is meant by the CNN…