Orwell Meets Nixon: When and Why “The Press” Became “The Media”

January 1, 2005
By Martin F. Nolan

A paper by Martin F. Nolan, fall 2004 fellow, explores President Nixon’s antagonistic relationship with the press. He argues that Nixon sought to disarm his critics by changing “the press,” a Constitutionally protected form of expression, into “the media,” a pejorative – and succeeded.

Download the paper (PDF).